Under the Egyptian published Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), Sonker is committed to save the natural resources, reduce energy consumption and GHG emissions from all its business activities, to contribute in reducing the climate change.
Sonker Project does not involve industrial processes, accordingly, emissions are confined to potential fugitive emissions from the LPG tanks or during loading/unloading operations. Only during abnormal conditions, boil off gases will be guided to a flare for controlled burning. Mitigation measures include establishing a boil off gases recovery system from LPG tanks as well as from loading/unloading operations, performing periodic maintenance and monitoring of equipment. Moreover, the flare system, which is only active during abnormal conditions is designed to produce a non-luminous and smokeless flame. Impacts on air quality were thus considered insignificant.
Sonker is aware that the selection of environmentally friendly technologies is very important in meeting strict requirements on industrial emissions and Sonker acknowledges its role in the reduction of GHG emissions, which considered during the feed and design stages as the following:
|Greenhouse Gas||Potential Source||Counter Measure|
|Carbon Dioxide (CO2)||
|Nitrous Oxide (N2O)||No possible source in Sonker Bulk Liquids Terminal||No possible source in Sonker Bulk Liquids Terminal|
|Fluorinated Gases||Air conditioning system.||
GHG emissions originating within Sonker premises, are calculated based on carbon content in consumed products, fuels or materials.
Those figures are reported in details to Sonker’s management, so they are able to track and monitor the terminal performance related to emissions.
There are two types of atmospheric monitoring. One that measures the level of emission “at the end of the chimney”, emission to air and another one that measures the level of the air quality.
The emissions monitoring allows achieving the legal emissions level reflected in the Egyptian law 4/94, the world bank and european guidelines. This is possible thanks to the measure of the concentration of parameters in each atmosphere emissions source of the terminal according to a reference standard (ISO, DIN……. etc.). which is used as an information tool to detect deviations, the results of periodic measure are presented in the internal control documents.B. Air Quality Monitoring:
The air quality monitoring is performed via measurements of the concentration of contamination (NOx, SOx, CO and Particles) nearby the Terminal; this would be the level of air quality.
In any future/new project or expansions which shall be more conservative regarding the climate change issues and shall adopt an eco-friendly design that mitigates any release of emissions and reduces industrial wastes.
Some proposed future project, which can be benefit in energy saving and reduction of GHG emissions shall be studied and applied, if seemed practically feasible: